st Violating Rights of Local Civilian Submitted to: Mechanism of Universal Periodical Review By: Maat for Peace, Development, and Human Rights

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Report Methodology
This report will discuss four components which are drinking water, draining services, environment services, and health services. The report will focus on those four components because there is a connection between them and because they are the more urgent and spread needs watched by Maat Institution. This report depended on three information sources:
1- Results of discussion meetings with citizens: there are 33 discussion meetings were held in some Egyptian governorates, in order to define problems and violations related to public utilities and essential services.
2- Citizens complaints: big number of citizens and their representatives in local public councils delivered written complaints to Maat Institution about specific violations they suffer regarding public utilities and essential services.
3- Journalism subjects published in Egyptian journals regarding violations of economical and social rights and depriving from essential services.
First violation regarding the right to have safe drinking water:
Egypt witnessed in the last three years increasing public anger because of shortage in drinking water available in many places of the republic. Thus, protest forms rose like demonstrations and stays-in strike to force executive managers to solve this problem. This period also witnessed many cases of water pollutions or mixing drinking water with draining water this is the problem which makes many people infected with hepatitis and renal failure.
The most important characteristics of violating the right to have safe drinking water in Egypt are:

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