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“Nazaha” Coalition issues its short report to assess the campaign phase

“Nazaha” Coalition issues its short report to assess the campaign phase

Violations of popular campaigns supporting Sisi and a formal commitment to neutrality

Nazaha Coalition recommends developing mechanisms to estimate the spending of informal campaigns

 

Nazaha coalition continued the propaganda phase of the Egyptian presidential elections, which officially ended on the evening of the 23rd of March 2018, which lasted about a month, during which it stopped for about five days, coinciding with the vote of the Egyptians abroad.

Nazaha Coalition which is formed of Maat foundation for peace, development and human rights (Egypt), volunteers without boarders, and Ecumenical Alliance for Human Rights and Development in Geneva (Switzerland) adopted two main elements in its follow-up to the electoral process: the local observers of Maat Foundation for Peace, Development and Human Rights And the second element is to push a limited group of international observers in the final days of the election campaign phase.

The observation process focused on assessing the legislative context related to the electoral campaign phase and monitoring the most prominent practices carried out by the candidates and the concerned state bodies during this period to show their compatibility with relevant laws and international standards for free and fair elections.

The electoral campaign phase coincided with the timetable prepared by the National Elections Commission, which set the beginning of the electoral silence phase on March 24-25, in which all propaganda activities for presidential candidates are prohibited before moving to the crucial stage of voting, scheduled for March 26, 27, and 28.

Saw the election campaign stage a significant disparity between the candidates activities for the presidency, at a time when the streets and squares across the republic was filled with manifestations of various propaganda in support of President  Sisi , who is running for a second period, the publicity provided by the candidate Moussa Mustafa , Chairman of Al Ghad Party is very limited, while All the governorates of the Republic witnessed dozens of conferences and seminars held by the supporters of President Sisi without his participation in it, as well as the spread of banners advertising intensively in most fields and streets of Egypt main and side.

The coalition did not receive or monitor complaints from candidates or their campaigns in violation of the electoral rules or deliberately restricting the holding of advertising activities on the visions and programs of candidates. The coverage of television channels and state-owned newspapers was largely neutral, while most of the private media of candidate Abdel Fattah al-Sisi while some opposition media broadcasting outside Egypt were busy promoting boycott of the electoral process.

Although election competition seems to be uneven, and things are almost settled for President Sisi, we have monitored throughout the election campaign a number of legal violations of the rules governing the electoral process, most notably in the participation of members and executives in conferences and events to support a particular candidate, which is a clear violation of the law of political rights and the presidential election law No. 45 of 2014, and the presidential election law, which prohibited the exploitation of powers of public entities in the election campaign of a particular candidate, which may affect negatively or positively on the outcome of the electoral process .

A number of political parties and parliamentarians have ensured the implementation of most of the activities supporting President Sisi. However, a number of executive officials participated in such events, headed by General Al Sayed Nasr Governor of Kafr El-Sheikh, and General Mahmoud Ashmawi, Governor of Qalioubia , which violates the rules governing the elections, and puts President Sisi in an embarrassing position, although not related to those events.

In the same context, some churches, especially in Upper Egypt, witnessed events in support of President Sisi, with the participation of church members and deputies, which is prohibited by law to exploit places of worship and the use of religious slogans in support of a particular candidate, Exploitation of government facilities in violation of the laws governing the electoral process. On the other hand, some events the offense has been the suspension of banners and walls of the of government buildings, including post offices and in front of police stations, youth centers and others.

It should be noted that all propaganda activities, which included irregularities of this kind, were organized by popular parties supporting the president without directing or directly intervening from him or from his presidential campaign, but of course they called for strong intervention by the National Elections Commission and the local authorities concerned. Happen or occur.

The presidential election this year is under the supervision of the National Electoral Commission for the first time, which supervises the electoral process in full, through judicial supervision of 18 thousand and 620 judges, whether judges, or the Public Prosecution and Administrative Affairs and the Council of State. The polling stations have 13,706 electoral commissions, with a total of 367 committees. It is reported that the total Voters those registered with the lists are 59 million and 78 thousand and 138 voters , are eligible to vote and participate in the electoral process.

It should be noted that the official messages that were broadcast through the state apparatus focused on promoting the idea of ​​participation and adherence to the right to vote without reference to the support of a particular candidate, but irregularities and guidance to vote for the candidate came through campaigns and media of an informal character.

The coalition estimates that the electoral campaigns carried out by popular campaigns that are not structurally affiliated to any of the candidates exceeded the spending limits and the estimated funding by 20 million pounds, and the coalition here points to practical difficulties facing the National Elections Commission in assessing and controlling this type of expenditure.

Coalition recommends in the future , the need to develop a legal means of tools to adjust the electoral spending of informal parties and the development of a calculated mechanism for donations non – cash in favor of the candidates, on the other side of the coalition recommends that the local authorities in turn control and remove the violation of advertising that use government facilities, as well as the need to increase the period of Campaigning and investigating the participation of executives in some popular events in support of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.

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