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World Day Against Trafficking in Persons

World Day Against Trafficking in Persons

Maat… Iran tops the list of the most countries for human trafficking

 “Turkey is the most country where trafficking gangs are active” Okeil

On July 30, the world celebrates the World Day against Trafficking in persons, which is a crime is a crime that exploits women, children and men for numerous purposes including forced labour and sex. The world today faces real challenges because of the phenomenon of human trafficking and illegal migration, which has been dramatically exacerbated in recent years as a result of wars and regional conflicts that have allowed trafficking gangs to exploit the conditions of thousands of fugitives and those displaced.

In 2013, the General Assembly held a high-level meeting to appraise the Global Plan of Action. Member States also adopted resolution A/RES/68/192 and designated July 30 as the World Day against Trafficking in Persons. This resolution declared that such a day was necessary to “raise awareness of the situation of victims of human trafficking and for the promotion and protection of their rights.” In September 2015, the world adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and embraced goals and targets on trafficking in persons. These goals call for an end to trafficking and violence against children; as well as the need for measures against human trafficking, and they strive for the elimination of all forms of violence against and exploitation of women and girls.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates the number of victims of forced labor in the world at 21 million, including victims of sexual exploitation. However, it is not known how many of the victims have been trafficked. Estimates indicate that millions of people are immersed in these ignominious practices in the world.

Although many countries are fighting this crime, we note that there are other countries that support it. For instance, Iran tops the list of the worst countries for human trafficking. The United States also has listed it as the worst for human trafficking and accused it of recruiting children amid international criticism of human rights violations in Iran. Iran continues to send children to fight in the ranks of the Revolutionary Guards in Syria, in a flagrant violation of all international conventions against trafficking in persons and child recruitment. Moreover, Iran applies death penalty to minors.

Ayman Okeil, President of Maat, asserted that the most specialized gangs in human trafficking are centered in Turkey. Turkey’s human trafficking networks are more organized and more capable of mobilizing larger numbers of people and earning unprecedented profits ever. This is because Turkey has no law against human trafficking, and even those arrested on grounds of this crime face charges of fraud rather than trafficking. Turkey has been ranked first, in Europe, for human trafficking and contemporary forms of slavery in the past 10 years. Turkey has also witnessed 185,500 marriages of minors this year, in addition to thousands of cases of sexual trafficking and human organ trade.

Finally, Maat calls upon all groups of society to eradicate this crime, which has recently been described as a form of contemporary slavery; and urges governments to raise public awareness of the crime to inform citizens of the various forms of human trafficking, namely forced labor, trafficking in organs and sexual exploitation, which will greatly reduce the problem and contribute to its elimination as well as ensure that there will be no immunity for perpetrators.

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