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CHARTERS & TREATIES

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Preamble
Article 1 - Purpose
Article 2 - Definitions
Article 3 - General principles
Article 4 - General Obligations
Article 5 - Equality and non-discrimination
Article 6 - For women with disabilities
Article 7 - Children with disabilities
Article 8 - Raising awareness
Article 9 - Accessibility
Article 10 - Right to life
Article 11 - Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies
Article 12 - Recognition of persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others before the law
Article 13 - Access to justice
Article 14 - Freedom and security of the person
Article 15 - Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
Article 16 - Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse
Article 17 - Protection of personal integrity
Article 18 - Freedom of movement and nationality
Article 19 - Living independently and being included in the community
Article 20 - Personal mobility
Article 21 - Freedom of expression, opinion, and information
Article 22 - Respect for privacy
Article 23 - Respect for the home and the family
Article 24 - Education
Article 25 - Health
Article 26 - Habilitation and rehabilitation
Article 27 - Work and employment
Article 28 - Adequate standard of living and social protection
Article 29 - Participation in political and public life
Article 30 - Participation in cultural life, leisure and entertainment activities and sports
Article 31 - Statistics and data collection
Article 32 - International cooperation
Article 33 - National implementation and monitoring
Article 34 - Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Article 35 - Reports of State Parties
Article 36 - Consideration of reports
Article 37 - Cooperation between States Parties and the Committee
Article 38 - The committee's relationship with other bodies
Article 39 - Commission Report
Article 40 - Conference of States Parties
Article 41 - Depositary
Article 42 - Signature
Article 43 - Consent to be bound
Article 44 - Regional integration organizations
Article 45 - Entry into force
Article 46 - Reservations
Article 47 - Amendments
Article 48 - denunciation of the agreement
Article 49 - Accessible format for viewing
Article 50 - Authentic texts

Preamble The States Parties to this Convention,

(A) Recalling the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations that recognize the dignity, inherent values and equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the basis for freedom, justice and peace in the world,

(B) Recognizing that the United Nations has declared and agreed, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, that everyone, without discrimination of any kind, has the right to enjoy all the rights and freedoms stipulated in those instruments,

(C) Reaffirming the universal character of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, their indivisibility, interdependence and interdependence and the need to ensure that persons with disabilities can fully enjoy these rights without discrimination,

(D) Recalling the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel Treatment or Punishment Inhuman or degrading, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families,

(E) Recognizing that disability is a concept that is still developing and that disability is caused by the interaction between persons with a disability and by the barriers in situations and surrounding environments that prevent them from participating fully and effectively in their society on an equal basis with others,

(F) Recognizing the importance of the principles and policy guidelines contained in the World Program of Action concerning Disabled Persons and the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities in the promotion, formulation and evaluation of policies, plans, programs and actions at the national, regional and international levels to increase equal opportunities for persons with disabilities,

(G) Emphasizing the importance of integrating issues of persons with disabilities as an integral part of sustainable development strategies,

(H) Recognizing also that discrimination against any person on the basis of disability is a violation of the inherent dignity and worth of the individual,

(I) Recognizing further the diversity of persons with disabilities,

(J) Recognizing the need to promote and protect the human rights of all persons with disabilities, including those who require more focused support,

(K) Concerned that, despite these various instruments and covenants, persons with disabilities continue to face barriers to their participation as members of society on an equal basis with others and violations of their human rights,

(L) Recognizing the importance of international cooperation in improving the living conditions of persons with disabilities in all countries, in particular in developing countries,

(M) Recognizing the valuable current and potential contribution of persons with disabilities to the general well-being and diversity of their societies, and that the encouragement of their full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms and their full participation will lead to an increased sense of belonging and the achievement of significant progress in the human, social and economic development of society and the eradication of poverty,

(N) Recognizing the importance of persons with disabilities having autonomy and self-reliance, including the freedom to make their own choices,

(O) Considering that persons with disabilities should have the opportunity to participate actively in decision-making processes about policies and programs, including those that directly concern them,

(P) Concerned about the difficult conditions faced by persons with disabilities who are subjected to multiple or aggravated forms of discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinion and other opinions, or national, ethnic or social origin, property or birth Or age or any other position,

(Q) Recognizing that women and girls with disabilities often face a greater risk of being exposed, either inside or outside the home, to violence, injury or abuse, neglect or inappropriate treatment, ill-treatment or exploitation,

(R) Recognizing also that children with disabilities should fully enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms on an equal basis with other children, and recalling the obligations that States parties to the Convention on the Rights of the Child have undertaken to that end,

(S) Emphasizing the need to incorporate a gender perspective in all efforts to promote the full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities,

(T) Underlining that the majority of persons with disabilities live in conditions of poverty, and recognizing in this regard the urgent need to reduce the negative impact of poverty on persons with disabilities,

(U) Bearing in mind that conditions of peace and security based on full respect for the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and respect for applicable human rights instruments are essential for the full protection of persons with disabilities, especially in situations of armed conflict and foreign occupation,

(V) Recognizing the importance of accessibility to the physical, social, economic and cultural environment, health, education, information and communication services to enable persons with disabilities to fully enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms,

(W) Realizing that the individual, who bears duties towards other individuals and the society to which he belongs, has a responsibility to strive for the promotion and implementation of the rights enshrined in the International Bill of Human Rights,

(X) Convinced that the family is the natural and fundamental unit of society and that it deserves protection on the part of society and the State, and that persons with disabilities and members of their families should receive the protection and assistance necessary to enable families to contribute to the full and equal enjoyment of the rights of persons with disabilities;

(Y) Convinced that a comprehensive and integrated international convention for the protection and promotion of the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities will make a fundamental contribution to remedying the extreme social deprivation of persons with disabilities, and will encourage their participation in the civil, political, economic, social and cultural fields on the basis of equal opportunities, whether in developing or developed countries. ,

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1- Purpose

The purpose of this convention is to promote, protect and ensure the full enjoyment of persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity.

The term “persons with disabilities” includes all those who suffer from long-term physical, mental, mental or sensory impairments, which, when dealing with various barriers, may prevent them from fully and effectively participating in society on an equal basis with others.

Article 2- Definitions

For the purposes of this agreement:

“Communication” includes languages, text presentation, Braille, tactile communication, large print, accessible multimedia, as well as augmentative and alternative methods, means and forms of communication, written and audio, in simple language and human reading, including affordable information and communication technology. Usage;

“Language” includes spoken language, sign language and other forms of non-verbal languages;

“Discrimination on the basis of disability” means any discrimination, exclusion or restriction on the basis of disability whose purpose or effect is to weaken or frustrate the recognition, enjoyment or exercise of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, on an equal basis with others, in the political, economic, social, cultural, or Civil or any other field. It includes all forms of discrimination, including denial of reasonable accommodation;

“Reasonable accommodation” means necessary and appropriate modifications and arrangements that do not impose a disproportionate or unnecessary burden, and which are needed in a specific situation, to ensure that persons with disabilities enjoy, on an equal basis with others, all human rights and fundamental freedoms and their exercise;

“Universal design” means the design of products, environments, programs and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. “Universal design” does not exclude assistive devices for specific groups of persons with disabilities where they are needed.

Article 3- General principles

The following are the principles of this agreement:

(A) Respect for the inherent dignity and autonomy of persons, including the freedom to make their own choices, and their independence;

(B) Non-discrimination;

(C) Ensure the full and effective participation and participation of persons with disabilities in society;

(D) Respecting differences and accepting persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and human nature;

(E) Equal opportunities;

(F) Accessibility;

(G) Equality between men and women;

(H) Respecting the advanced capabilities of children with disabilities and their right to preserve their identity.

Article 4- General Obligations

1. States Parties undertake to ensure and promote the full realization of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all persons with disabilities without any discrimination of any kind on the basis of disability. To this end, the States Parties undertake to:

(A) Take all appropriate measures, legislative, administrative and other measures, to give effect to the rights recognized in this Convention;

(B) Take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to amend or abolish existing laws, regulations, customs and practices that constitute discrimination against persons with disabilities;

And programs; (C) People with disabilities have all rights and protection policies

(D) To refrain from carrying out any act or practice inconsistent with this Agreement and to ensure that public authorities and institutions act in accordance with it;

(E) Take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination on the basis of disability on the part of any person, organization or private enterprise;

(F) Conducting or promoting research and development of universally designed goods, services, equipment and facilities, as defined in Article 2 of this Convention, which are supposed to require the lowest possible degree of adaptation and the lowest costs to meet the specific needs of persons with disabilities, encourage their provision and use, and enhance design Year in setting standards and guidelines;

(G) Undertake or strengthen research and development of, and promote the availability and use of new technologies, including information and communication technologies, mobility aids and devices, and assistive technologies appropriate for persons with disabilities, with priority given to technologies available at reasonable prices;

(H) To provide accessible information to persons with disabilities about mobility aids, devices, and assistive technologies, including new technologies, as well as other forms of assistance, support services and facilities;

(I) Encouraging the training of specialists and officials working with persons with disabilities in the field of the rights recognized in this convention to improve the provision of assistance and services guaranteed by those rights.

2. With regard to economic, social and cultural rights, each state party undertakes to take the necessary measures to the maximum of its available resources, and whenever necessary, within the framework of international cooperation, to achieve progressively the full realization of these rights, without prejudice to the obligations contained in this convention and the duty. Apply immediately, in accordance with international law.

3. States Parties shall consult closely with persons with disabilities, including children with disabilities, through their representative organizations, regarding the development and implementation of legislation and policies aimed at implementing this convention, and in other decision-making processes on matters relating to persons with disabilities, and their effective participation in that.

4. Nothing in this agreement affects any provision that fully enables the realization of the rights of persons with disabilities that may be contained in the law of a state party or in the international law in force in that state. It is not permissible to impose any restriction or derogation of any of the human rights and fundamental freedoms recognized or existing in any state party to this convention, pursuant to a law, convention, regulation or custom under the pretext that this agreement does not recognize these rights and freedoms or recognize them within a narrower scope.

5. The validity of the provisions of this agreement extends to all parts of the federal states without any restrictions or exceptions.

Article 5- Equality and non-discrimination

1. States Parties recognize that all persons are equal before and under the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection and benefit provided by the law.

2. States Parties shall prohibit any discrimination on the basis of disability and guarantee to persons with disabilities equal and effective protection against discrimination on any basis.

3. States Parties, in the pursuit of promoting equality and eliminating discrimination, shall take all appropriate steps to ensure the availability of reasonable accommodation for persons with disabilities.

4. Specific measures necessary to accelerate or achieve de facto equality of persons with disabilities shall not be considered discrimination under the provisions of this convention.

Article 6- For women with disabilities

1. States Parties recognize that women and girls with disabilities face multiple forms of discrimination, and that they will take the necessary measures in this regard to ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms in this respect.

2. State Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure the full development, advancement and empowerment of women, with a view to ensuring the exercise and enjoyment of the human rights and fundamental freedoms set forth in this convention.

Article 7. Children with disabilities

1. States Parties shall take all necessary measures to ensure the full enjoyment by children with disabilities of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, on an equal basis with other children.

2. The best consideration of the child in all measures relating to children with disabilities shall be a primary consideration.

3. States Parties shall guarantee that children with disabilities have the right to freely express their views on all matters affecting them, with due attention given to their views according to their age and maturity, on the basis of equality with other children, and to provide assistance in the exercise of that right, in proportion to their disability. And their age.

Article 8: Raising awareness

1. States Parties undertake to adopt immediate, effective and appropriate measures:

(A) To raise awareness throughout society about persons with disabilities, including at the family level, and to promote respect for the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities;

(B) To combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices relating to persons with disabilities, including those based on sex and age, in all areas of life;

(C) Promote awareness of the capabilities and contributions of persons with disabilities.

2. Measures to achieve this include the following:

(A) Initiate and follow-up effective public awareness campaigns aimed at:

(i) Promote acceptance of the rights of persons with disabilities;

(ii) Spreading positive perceptions of persons with disabilities and a deeper social awareness of them;

(iii) Encouraging recognition of the skills, competencies and capabilities of persons with disabilities, and their contributions to the workplace and the labor market;

(B) Promote an attitude of respect for the rights of persons with disabilities at all levels of the education system, including among all children from a young age;

(C) Encouraging all media outlets to display an image of persons with disabilities consistent with the purpose of this convention;

(D) Encouraging the organization of training programs to raise awareness of persons with disabilities and their rights.

Article 9- Accessibility

1. To enable persons with disabilities to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that persons with disabilities have access, on an equal basis with others, to the surrounding physical environment, means of transportation, information and communication, including technologies Information and communication systems, and other facilities and services that are available or provided to the general public, in both urban and rural areas. These measures, which must include identifying and removing obstacles and barriers to accessibility, apply in particular to:

(A) Buildings, roads, transportation and other facilities inside and outside the home, including schools, housing, medical facilities and workplaces;

(B) Information, communications and other services, including electronic services and emergency services.

2. States Parties shall also take appropriate measures:

(A) Establish minimum standards and guidelines for creating accessibility to facilities and services available or provided to the public, and publish these standards and principles and monitor their implementation;

(B) Ensure that private entities that offer facilities and services that are available or provided to the public take into account all aspects of accessibility for persons with disabilities;

(C) Provide training to stakeholders on accessibility issues facing persons with disabilities ;;

(D) Providing signs in Braille and in easy-to-read and understandable formats in public buildings and other facilities open to the general public;

(E) Provide forms of human assistance and intermediaries, including guides, readers and professional sign language interpreters, to facilitate access to buildings and other facilities open to the general public;

(F) Encouraging other forms of assistance and support for persons with disabilities to ensure that they have access to information;

(G) Promote access for persons with disabilities to new information and communication technologies and systems, including the Internet;

(H) Encouraging the design, development, production and distribution of technologies and information and communication systems that can be accessed by persons with disabilities, at an early stage, so that these technologies and systems are accessible at the lowest cost.

Article 10- Right to life

States Parties reaffirm that everyone has the inherent right to life and take all necessary measures to ensure that persons with disabilities effectively enjoy this right on an equal basis with others.

Article 11- Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies

States Parties undertake, in accordance with their responsibilities under international law, including international humanitarian law as well as international human rights law, to take all feasible measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities who are in dangerous situations, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters.

Article 12 - Recognition of persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others before the law

1. States Parties reaffirm the right of persons with disabilities to be recognized everywhere as persons before the law.

2. States Parties recognize that persons with disabilities enjoy legal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life.

3. States Parties shall take appropriate measures to provide access for persons with disabilities to the support they may require in exercising their legal capacity.

4. States Parties shall ensure that all measures related to the exercise of legal capacity provide appropriate and effective guarantees to prevent the misuse of these measures in accordance with international human rights law. These guarantees ensure that the measures related to the exercise of legal capacity respect the rights, will and preferences of the person concerned, that they are free from conflict of interest and undue influence, proportionate and consistent with the person's circumstances, are effective in the shortest possible period, and are subject to regular review by a competent, independent and impartial authority. Or by a judicial body. These guarantees are proportional to the extent to which the measures affect a person's rights and interests.

5. Subject to the provisions of this Article, State Parties shall take all appropriate and effective measures to guarantee the right of persons with disabilities, on the basis of equality, to own or inherit property and manage their financial affairs, and their access, on an equal basis with others, to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial credit, and to ensure that Arbitrarily depriving persons with disabilities of their property.

Article 13 - Possibility of recourse to court

1. States Parties shall ensure effective ways for persons with disabilities to resort to justice on an equal basis with others, including by providing procedural accommodations that are appropriate for their ages, with a view to facilitating their effective role in direct and indirect participation, including in their capacity as witnesses, in all Legal procedures, including investigation and other preliminary stages.

2. To ensure effective access to justice for persons with disabilities, States Parties shall encourage appropriate training for personnel in the field of the administration of justice, including the police and prison staff.

Article 14- Freedom and security of the person

1. States Parties shall ensure that persons with disabilities, on an equal basis with others:

(A) Enjoyment of the right to personal liberty and security of person;

(B) That they are not deprived of their freedom unlawfully or arbitrarily, that any deprivation of liberty is consistent with the law, and that the existence of a disability is not in any way justified for any deprivation of liberty.

2. States Parties shall ensure, in the event that persons with disabilities are deprived of their liberty, as a result of any measures, that they are entitled, on an equal basis with others, to guarantees in accordance with international human rights law, and to be treated in accordance with the objectives and principles of this Convention, including the provision of reasonable accommodation for them.

Article 15 - Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

1. No person shall be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, no person shall be offered to conduct medical and scientific experiments on him without his free consent.

2. States Parties shall take all effective legislative, administrative, judicial and other measures to prevent persons with disabilities from being subjected, on an equal basis with others, to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 16 - Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse

1. States Parties shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social, educational and other measures to protect persons with disabilities, both inside and outside their homes, from all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse, including their gender-based aspects.

2. States Parties shall also take all appropriate measures to prevent all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse by ensuring, inter alia, that appropriate forms of assistance and support are provided to persons with disabilities, their families and caregivers that take into account the gender and age of persons with disabilities, including by providing information and education on how to avoid Cases of exploitation, violence and abuse, to identify and report them. States Parties shall ensure that the provision of protection services takes into account the age, gender and disability of persons with disabilities.

3. States Parties shall ensure that independent authorities monitor all facilities and programs designed to serve persons with disabilities effectively to prevent all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse.

4. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to encourage the physical, cognitive and psychological recovery of persons with disabilities, their rehabilitation, and their reintegration into society when they are exposed to any form of exploitation, violence or abuse, including by providing them with protection services. Recovery and reintegration is achieved in an environment that promotes an individual's health, well-being, self-respect, dignity and autonomy and takes into account the specific needs of both sex and age.

5. States Parties shall put in place effective legislation and policies, including legislation and policies focusing on women and children, to ensure that cases of exploitation, violence and abuse faced by persons with disabilities are identified, investigated, and, when necessary, prosecuted.

Article 17- Protection of personal integrity

Every person with a disability has the right to respect for his or her personal and mental integrity on an equal basis with others.

Article 18- Freedom of movement and nationality

1. States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to enjoy freedom of movement, the freedom to choose their place of residence and acquire nationality, on an equal basis with others, including ensuring that persons with disabilities enjoy the following:

(A) The right to acquire and change a nationality and not to be deprived of their nationality arbitrarily or on the basis of disability;

(B) On the basis of disability, they are not deprived of the possibility to possess, possess and use their nationality or other documents to establish identity or resort to other appropriate processes, such as immigration procedures, that may be necessary to facilitate the exercise of the right to freedom of movement;

(C) The right to leave any country, including their own;

(D) They are not deprived, arbitrarily or on the basis of disability, of the right to enter their country.

2. Children with disabilities are registered immediately after their birth, and since then they have the right to a name, the right to acquire a nationality, and the right, as far as possible, to know their parents and to enjoy their care.

Article 19 - Living independently and being included in the community

States parties to this convention recognize the right of all persons with disabilities, on an equal basis with others, to live in society, with options equal to those of others, and take effective and appropriate measures to facilitate the full enjoyment of their rights by persons with disabilities and their full inclusion and participation in society. This includes ensuring that:

(A) Provide the opportunity for persons with disabilities to choose their place of residence, place of residence and the people with whom they live on an equal basis with others and not be forced to live in a private living arrangement;

(B) Persons with disabilities have access to a range of support services at home and in the place of residence and other community services, including personal assistance necessary to facilitate their livelihood and their integration into society, and to prevent them from being isolated or separated from it;

(C) Persons with disabilities benefit, on an equal basis with others, from community services and facilities available to the general public, and ensure that these services respond to their needs.

Article 20- Personal mobility

States Parties shall take effective measures to guarantee freedom of movement for persons with disabilities with the greatest possible independence, including the following:

(A) Facilitating the freedom of movement of persons with disabilities in the manner and at the time of their choice, and at affordable cost;

(B) Facilitating access by persons with disabilities to quality mobility aids, devices, assistive technologies, forms of human assistance and intermediaries, including by making them more affordable;

(C) Provide mobility skills training for persons with disabilities and the professionals working with them;

(D) Encouraging private entities that produce mobility aids, devices, and assistive technologies to take into account all aspects of mobility for persons with disabilities.

Article 21- Freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information

States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure the exercise by persons with disabilities of their right to freedom of expression and opinion, including the right to request, receive and disclose information and ideas, on an equal basis with others, and through all means of communication that they themselves choose, as defined In Article 2 of this Agreement, including the following:

(A) Provide persons with disabilities with information targeted at the general public using accessible formats and technologies appropriate for different types of disabilities in a timely manner and without incurring additional costs for persons with disabilities;

(B) Accepting and facilitating the use of sign language, Braille, alternative augmentative communication methods and all other accessible means, methods and forms of communication of their own choosing in their formal treatment of persons with disabilities;

(C) Urging private entities that provide services to the general public, including via the Internet, to provide information and services to persons with disabilities in accessible and usable forms;

(D) Encouraging the mass media, including providers of information through the Internet, to make their services accessible to persons with disabilities;

(E) Recognizing and encouraging the use of sign languages.

Article 22- Respect for privacy

1. No person with a disability, regardless of his place of residence or living arrangements, shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his privacy, family affairs, home, correspondence, or any other type of means of communication that he uses, nor to unlawful attacks on his honor and reputation. . All persons with disabilities have the right to be protected by law from any such interference or attacks.

2. State Parties shall protect the privacy, health and rehabilitation of information related to the personal affairs of persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others.

Article 23- Respect for the home and the family

1. States Parties shall take effective and appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against persons with disabilities in all matters related to marriage, family, parenthood and relationships, on an equal basis with others, in order to ensure that:

(A) The right of all persons with disabilities of marriageable age to marry and found a family with the full consent of the intending to marry;

(B) Recognize the rights of persons with disabilities to make a free and responsible decision regarding the number and spacing of children they want to have, and to obtain information and education in the areas of reproductive health and family planning in proportion to their age, and provide the necessary means to enable them to exercise these rights;

(C) The right of persons with disabilities, including children, to maintain their fertility on an equal basis with others.

2. States Parties shall guarantee the rights and responsibilities of persons with disabilities with regard to guardianship, wardship, trusteeship, adoption of children, or any similar customs, wherever these concepts are included in national legislation, and in all cases the best interests of the child shall prevail. States Parties shall provide appropriate assistance to persons with disabilities to enable them to fulfill their responsibilities in raising children.

3. States Parties shall guarantee to children with disabilities equal rights with regard to family life. In order to realize this right and to prevent concealment, abandonment, neglect and isolation of children with disabilities, States Parties undertake to provide, at an early stage, comprehensive information, services and assistance to children with disabilities and their families.

4. States Parties shall ensure that no child is separated from their parents against their will, unless the competent authorities decide, subject to judicial review, and in accordance with generally applicable national laws and procedures, that this separation is necessary for the best interest of the child. Under no circumstances may a child be separated from his parents due to the child's disability, or one or both of the parents.

5. States Parties undertake, in the event that the immediate family of a child with disabilities is unable to care for him, to make every effort to provide alternative care for him within his extended family, and if this is not possible within the community and in a family environment.

Article 24- Education

1. States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to education. In order to realize this right without discrimination and on the basis of equal opportunity, States Parties shall ensure an inclusive education system at all levels and lifelong learning directed towards the following:

(A) The full development of human potential and a sense of dignity and self-worth, and the strengthening of respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and human diversity;

(B) To develop the personality, talents and creativity of persons with disabilities, as well as their mental and physical capabilities, in order to achieve them to their fullest extent;

(C) Enabling persons with disabilities to participate effectively in a free society.

2. In implementing this right, the States Parties shall endeavor to ensure the following:

(A) Persons with disabilities are not excluded from the general education system on the basis of disability, and that children with disabilities are not excluded from free and compulsory primary or secondary education on the basis of disability;

(B) Enabling persons with disabilities to have access to free primary and secondary education, quality and inclusive, on an equal basis with others in the societies in which they live;

(C) Reasonable consideration of individual needs;

(D) That persons with disabilities receive the support necessary within the general education system to facilitate their effective education;

(E) To provide effective individual support measures in environments that allow for maximum academic and social growth, and are consistent with the goal of full inclusion.

3. States enable persons with disabilities to learn life skills and skills in the field of social development to facilitate their full participation in education on an equal basis with others as members of society. To this end, States Parties shall take appropriate measures, including the following:

(A) Facilitating learning of Braille and alternative script, augmentative and alternative modes, means and formats of communication, orientation and mobility skills, and facilitating peer support and mentoring;

(B) Facilitating the learning of sign language and encouraging the linguistic identity of the deaf community;

(C) Ensure that education is provided to the blind, deaf or deaf-blind, especially children, in the most appropriate languages, methods and means of communication for the persons concerned, and in environments that allow for maximum academic and social development.

4. In order to ensure the realization of this right, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to employ teachers, including teachers with disabilities who are fluent in sign language and / or Braille, and to train specialists and personnel working at all levels of education. This training includes disability awareness and the use of appropriate augmentative and alternative methods, means and forms of communication, as well as educational technologies and materials to assist persons with disabilities.

5. States Parties shall guarantee access for persons with disabilities to higher education, vocational training, adult education and lifelong education without discrimination and on an equal basis with others. To this end, States Parties shall ensure that reasonable accommodation is provided to persons with disabilities.

Article 25- Health

States Parties recognize that persons with disabilities have the right to the enjoyment of the highest standards of health without discrimination on the basis of disability. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that persons with disabilities have access to health services that take into account gender differences, including health rehabilitation services. In particular, States Parties shall:

(A) To provide free or affordable health care and programs for persons with disabilities equivalent in scope, quality and standards to those provided to others, including sexual and reproductive health services and public health programs for the population;

(B) Provide health services specifically needed by persons with disabilities because of their disability, including early detection and intervention when necessary, and services aimed at minimizing disabilities and preventing more of them, provided that this includes children and the elderly;

(C) Provide these health services as close as possible to their own communities, including in rural areas;

(D) Requesting health professionals to provide care to persons with disabilities of the same quality as the care they provide to others, including providing this care on the basis of free and informed consent, through, among other things, increasing awareness of the human rights guaranteed to persons with disabilities and their dignity and independence And their needs by providing them with training and disseminating ethical standards related to healthcare in the public and private sectors;

(E) To prohibit discrimination against persons with disabilities in the provision of health and life insurance, where permitted by national law, provided that it is provided in a fair and reasonable manner;

(F) Preventing deprivation on the basis of discrimination of health care, health services, or food and fluids on the grounds of disability.

Article 26- Habilitation and rehabilitation

1. States Parties shall take effective and appropriate measures, including through peer support, to enable persons with disabilities to reach and maintain the maximum level of independence, to fully realize their physical, mental, social and professional potential, and to ensure their full participation and participation in all aspects of life. To this end, States Parties shall provide, strengthen and expand comprehensive habilitation and rehabilitation services and programs, especially in the areas of health, work, education and social services, in a manner that makes these services and programs:

(A) It begins as early as possible and is based on a multidisciplinary assessment of each individual's needs and strengths separately;

(B) Support the inclusion and participation of persons with disabilities in the community and in all aspects of society, and make it available to persons with disabilities on a voluntary basis and in the closest possible place to local communities, including in rural areas.

2. States Parties are encouraged to establish initial and continuing training programs for specialists and personnel working in the field of providing habilitation and rehabilitation services.

3. States Parties shall encourage the availability, knowledge and use of assistive devices and technologies, designed for persons with disabilities, as they relate to habilitation and rehabilitation.

Article 27- Work and employment

1. States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to work, on an equal basis with others; This right includes providing them with the opportunity to earn a livelihood in a job that they freely choose or accept in a labor market and a work environment that is open to persons with disabilities, inclusive of them and easy for them to engage in. States Parties shall protect and promote the realization of the right to work, including the right of those who are disabled during their work, by taking appropriate steps, including enacting legislation, to achieve several goals, including the following:

(A) The prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability with regard to all matters relating to all forms of employment, including conditions of employment, appointment and work, continuity of work, career advancement and safe and healthy working conditions;

(B) To protect the rights of persons with disabilities, on an equal basis with others, to just and favorable conditions of work, including equal opportunities and equal remuneration for work of equal value, safe and healthy working conditions, including protection from harassment and redress from grievances;

(C) Ensure that persons with disabilities are able to exercise their labor and trade union rights on an equal basis with others;

(D) Enabling persons with disabilities to have effective access to general technical and vocational guidance programs, placement services, and vocational and continuing training;

(E) Promote employment opportunities and career advancement for persons with disabilities in the labor market, as well as assistance in finding, obtaining, maintaining and returning to work;

(F) Promote opportunities for self-employment, entrepreneurship, the formation of cooperatives and starting private businesses;

(G) Employ persons with disabilities in the public sector;

(H) Encouraging the employment of persons with disabilities in the private sector through appropriate policies and measures, which may include corrective programs, incentives and other measures;

(I) Ensure that reasonable accommodation is provided to persons with disabilities in the workplace;

(J) Promote the acquisition by persons with disabilities of work experience in the open labor market;

(K) Promote vocational and professional rehabilitation, job retention and return-to-work programs for persons with disabilities.

2. States Parties shall ensure that persons with disabilities are not subjected to slavery or servitude, and that they are protected, on an equal basis with others, from forced or compulsory labor.

Article 28- Adequate standard of living and social protection

1. States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to enjoy an adequate standard of living for themselves and their families, including adequate food, clothing and housing, and to continue improving their living conditions, and take appropriate steps to safeguard this right and promote its realization without discrimination on the basis of disability.

2. States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to social protection and the enjoyment of this right without discrimination on the basis of disability, and take appropriate steps to safeguard this right and promote its realization, including measures aimed at:

(A) Ensure that persons with disabilities have equal access to clean water with others, and that they have access to appropriate and affordable services and devices, and other assistance to meet disability-related needs;

(B) Ensure that persons with disabilities, especially women, girls and the elderly, benefit from social protection and poverty reduction programs;

(C) Ensure that persons with disabilities living in poverty and their families benefit from State assistance to cover disability-related expenditures, including appropriate training, counseling, financial assistance and respite care;

(D) Ensure that persons with disabilities have access to public housing programs;

(E) Ensure that persons with disabilities benefit, on an equal basis with others, from retirement benefits and programs.

Article 29- Participation in political and public life

States Parties shall guarantee to persons with disabilities political rights and the opportunity to enjoy them on the basis of equality with others, and undertake the following:

(A) Ensure that persons with disabilities can fully and effectively participate in political and public life on an equal basis with others, either directly or through freely chosen representatives, including by ensuring the right and opportunity for persons with disabilities to vote and be elected, in several ways, including:

(i) Ensure that voting procedures, facilities and materials are appropriate, accessible and easy to understand and use;

(ii) Protecting the right of persons with disabilities to vote by secret ballot in elections and public referendums without intimidation, to stand for elections, effectively hold office and perform all public functions in government at various levels, and to facilitate the use of new and assistive technology wherever necessary;

(iii) Ensure the free expression of their will as voters by persons with disabilities, and allow them, when necessary, to this end to choose a person who will help them vote;

(b) (b) To work effectively towards creating an environment in which persons with disabilities can participate effectively and fully in the conduct of public affairs, without discrimination and on an equal basis with others, and to encourage their participation in public affairs, including the following: :

(i) Participation in non-governmental organizations and associations concerned with the public and political life of the country, including the activities and administration of political parties;

(ii) Establishing and joining organizations of persons with disabilities to represent them at the national, regional and local levels;

Article 30- Participation in cultural life, leisure and entertainment activities and sports

1. States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to participate in cultural life on an equal basis with others, and take all appropriate measures to ensure that persons with disabilities:

(A) Enjoy access to cultural materials in accessible formats;

(B) Enjoy television programs, films, theater performances and other cultural activities in accessible formats;

(C) Enjoy access to places for cultural performances or services, such as theaters, museums, cinemas, libraries and tourism services, and, as far as possible, enjoy access to monuments and sites of national cultural importance.

2. States Parties shall take appropriate measures to provide the opportunity for persons with disabilities to develop and use their creative, artistic and intellectual capabilities, not only to serve their interests, but also to enrich society.

3. State Parties shall take all appropriate steps, in accordance with international law, to ensure that laws that protect intellectual property rights do not constitute an arbitrary or discriminatory obstacle preventing persons with disabilities from benefiting from cultural materials.

4. Persons with disabilities are entitled, on an equal basis with others, to recognition and support for their own cultural and linguistic identity, including sign languages and deaf culture.

5. In order to enable persons with disabilities to participate, on an equal basis with others, in leisure, entertainment and sports activities, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to:

(A) Encouraging and promoting the participation of persons with disabilities, to the greatest extent possible, in public sporting activities at all levels;

(B) Ensure that persons with disabilities have the opportunity to organize, develop and participate in sports and leisure activities related to disability, and to this end work to encourage the provision of appropriate education, training and resources to them on an equal basis with others;

(C) Ensure that persons with disabilities have access to sports, entertainment and tourism venues;

(D) Ensure that children with disabilities have the opportunity to participate on an equal basis with other children in play, leisure, entertainment and sports activities, including activities within the school system;

(E) Ensure that persons with disabilities have access to the services provided by those involved in the organization of recreational, tourism, leisure and sports activities.

Article 31- Statistics and data collection

1. State Parties shall collect appropriate information, including statistical data and data used in research, to enable them to set and implement policies ensuring the enforcement of this agreement. The information gathering and retention process should fulfill the following:

(A) Comply with legally established safeguards, including legislation on data protection, to ensure confidentiality and respect the privacy of persons with disabilities;

(B) Comply with internationally accepted norms for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms and ethical principles in the collection and use of statistics.

2. The information collected is classified according to this article, as appropriate, and is used to assist in assessing the implementation of the obligations undertaken by the states parties under this convention and in uncovering the obstacles that persons with disabilities face in the exercise of their rights and in working to overcome them.

3. States Parties shall assume the responsibility for disseminating these statistics and ensure their availability for persons with disabilities and others.

Article 32- International cooperation

1. States Parties recognize the importance of international cooperation and its enhancement, in support of national efforts aimed at achieving the objectives and purpose of this convention, and take appropriate and effective measures in this regard among themselves and, as appropriate, in partnership with relevant international and regional organizations and civil society, in particular organizations of persons with disabilities. . These measures may include the following:

(A) Ensure that international cooperation includes and benefits persons with disabilities, including international development programs;

(B) Facilitating and supporting capacity-building, including through the exchange and sharing of information, experiences, training programs and best practices;

(C) Facilitating cooperation in research and access to scientific and technical knowledge;

(D) Provide technical and economic assistance, as appropriate, including by facilitating access to and sharing of accessible and assistive technology, and through technology transfer.

2. The provisions of this Article shall not affect the obligations of each State Party to implement its obligations under this Agreement.

Article 33- National implementation and monitoring

1. States Parties shall designate, according to their organizational approach, one or more focal points within the government to deal with matters related to the implementation of this convention, and to give due consideration to the issue of establishing or designating a coordination mechanism within the government to facilitate related work in various sectors and at various levels.

2. States Parties shall, according to their legal and administrative systems, form, strengthen, designate or establish a framework within the State Party, including one or more independent mechanisms, as appropriate, to promote, protect and monitor the implementation of this Convention. When designating or establishing such a mechanism, States Parties shall take into account the principles relating to the status and methods of operation of national institutions concerned with the protection and promotion of human rights.

3. Civil society, especially persons with disabilities and their representative organizations, contribute to the monitoring process and participate fully in it.

Article 34 - Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

1. A committee on the rights of persons with disabilities (hereinafter referred to as “the committee”) shall be established to carry out the tasks stipulated below.

2. The Committee shall consist, at the time of entry into force of this Agreement, of twelve experts. The membership of the committee increases by six members, after the agreement obtains sixty additional ratifications or accessions, and its membership reaches a maximum of eighteen members.

3. Members of the Committee shall act in their personal capacity and shall be known for their high morals and recognized for their competence and experience in the field covered by this agreement. States Parties are invited, when nominating their candidates, to give due consideration to the provision contained in Article 4.3 of this Convention.

4. The members of the Committee shall be elected by the States Parties, taking into account equitable geographical distribution, representation of various forms of civilizations and major legal systems, balanced representation of the sexes, and the participation of experts with disabilities.

5. Members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by the States Parties from among their own nationals at the meetings of the Conference of States Parties. In these meetings, the quorum of which constitutes two-thirds of the States Parties, the persons elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of the States Parties present and voting.

6. The first elections shall take place no later than six months from the date on which this agreement enters into force. The Secretary-General of the United Nations sends a letter to the states parties, at least four months before the date of any elections, inviting them to submit the names of the candidates within two months. Subsequently, the Secretary-General prepares a list of the names of all persons nominated in this way, in alphabetical order, indicating the names of the States Parties that nominate them, and submits the aforementioned list to the States Parties to this Convention.

7. Members of the Committee are elected for a period of four years. They may be re-elected once. However, the term of office of six of the members elected in the first elections ends at the expiration of the two-year period; Immediately after those first elections, the chairperson of the meeting referred to in paragraph 5 of this article chooses the names of these six members by lot.

8. The election of the six additional members of the Committee shall be held on the occasion of regular elections, in accordance with the relevant provisions of this article.

9. In the event of the death or resignation of a member of the Committee, or the declaration of that member, for any other reason, of his inability to perform his duties, the State Party that nominated that member shall appoint another expert who possesses the qualifications and fulfills the conditions set forth in the relevant provisions of this Article, to act as a member of Committee during the remainder of that member's term.

10. The committee sets its own rules of procedure.

11. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary personnel and facilities for the Committee to perform its duties efficiently under this Agreement, and shall convene its first meeting.

12. Members of the Committee established under this Agreement shall receive remuneration from United Nations resources, with the approval of the General Assembly, in accordance with the criteria and conditions determined by the General Assembly, bearing in mind the importance of the responsibilities of the Committee.

13. Members of the Committee shall obtain the facilities, privileges and immunities of experts assigned to tasks of the United Nations, as provided for in the relevant provisions of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations.

Article 35 - Reports of State Parties

1. Each State Party shall submit to the Committee, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, a comprehensive report on the measures taken to implement its obligations under this Convention and on the progress made in this regard, within a period of two years following the entry into force of this Convention for the State Party concerned.

2. States Parties shall subsequently submit their reports at least every 4 years, and also whenever the Committee requests them to do so.

3. The Committee determines any guidelines that it considers should be applied to the contents of the reports.

4. A State party that submits its first comprehensive report to the Committee shall not repeat information previously provided in subsequent reports. States Parties are invited to consider, in preparing the reports to the Committee, the issue of preparing these reports through an open and transparent process and to give due consideration to the provision contained in Article 4.3 of this Convention.

5. It is permissible to include in the reports the factors and difficulties that affect the degree of fulfillment of the obligations under this agreement.

Article 36- Consideration of reports

1. The committee examines each report and makes suggestions and general recommendations it deems appropriate in this regard, and refers them to the State Party concerned. The State party may respond to the Committee with any information it chooses. The Committee may request the States Parties additional information related to the implementation of this Convention.

2. If a state party is significantly late in submitting a report, the Committee may notify the State Party concerned of the need to examine the application of this Convention in that State Party, based on reliable information made available to the Committee, if the relevant report is not submitted within three months of the notification. . The Committee invites the State party concerned to participate in this examination. If the State Party responds by submitting the relevant report, the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article shall apply.

3. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall make the reports available to all states parties.

4. States Parties shall make their reports widely available to the public in their own countries and facilitate access to the general proposals and recommendations related to these reports.

5. The Committee shall refer, as it deems appropriate, to the specialized agencies, United Nations funds and programs, and other competent bodies, any reports from States Parties that include a request for technical advice or assistance, or indicate their need for such advice or assistance, and enclose them with the Committee's observations and recommendations regarding these requests or Signals, if any.

Article 37 - Cooperation between States Parties and the Committee

1. Each State Party shall cooperate with the Committee and assist its members in carrying out their mandate.

2. The Committee, in its relationship with State Parties, shall give due consideration to ways and means of enhancing national capacities to implement this convention, including through international cooperation.

Article 38- The committee’s relationship with other bodies

To support the effective implementation of this Agreement and to encourage international cooperation in the field covered by this Agreement:

(A) The specialized agencies and other United Nations organs shall be entitled to be represented when considering the application of the provisions of this Convention falling within the scope of their mandate. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies and other competent bodies, as it deems appropriate, to provide expert advice on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their respective mandates. The Committee may invite specialized agencies and other United Nations organs to submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their activities.

(B) The Committee, in carrying out its mandate, shall consult, as appropriate, with other relevant bodies established under international human rights treaties, with the aim of ensuring the consistency of the reporting guidelines, suggestions and general recommendations each of them, and avoiding duplication and overlap in the performance of their functions.

Article 39 - Report of the Commission

Every two years, the Committee submits reports on its activities to the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, and it may make suggestions and general recommendations based on an examination of the reports and information received from the States Parties. These general suggestions and recommendations are included in the report of the committee along with the comments of the states parties, if any.

Article 40 - Conference of States Parties

1. The States Parties shall meet regularly in a Conference of States Parties in order to consider any issue related to the implementation of this convention.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the Conference of the States Parties, no later than six months after the entry into force of this convention. The Secretary-General of the United Nations calls for the subsequent meetings to be held once every two years or upon a decision of the Conference of States Parties.

Article 41- Depositary

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the depositary of this Convention.

Article 42- Signature

This agreement shall be open for signature by all states and regional integration organizations at the United Nations Headquarters in New York as of 30 March 2007.

Article 43- Consent to be bound

This treaty is subject to ratification by the signatory countries and official approval by the signatory regional integration organizations. And it shall be open to the accession of any state or regional integration organization that has not signed the agreement.

Article 44- Regional integration organizations

1. The term “regional integration organization” means an organization formed by sovereign states in a region, to which the states parties to it have transferred competence in relation to matters governed by this agreement. Such organizations shall declare, in their instruments of formal confirmation or accession, the extent of their competence with respect to matters governed by this Convention. Subsequently, it informs the depositary of any material modification in the extent of its competence.

2. References in this Convention to “State Parties” shall apply to those organizations within the limits of their competence.

3. For the purposes of paragraph 1 of Article 45 and paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 47, any instrument deposited by a regional integration organization shall not be considered.

4. Regional integration organizations, in matters falling within their jurisdiction, shall exercise their right to vote in the Conference of States Parties, with a number of votes equal to the number of their member states that are parties to this agreement. These organizations do not exercise their right to vote if any of their member states exercises their right to vote, and vice versa.

Article 45- Entry into force

1. This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date of deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2. This agreement shall enter into force for every state or regional integration organization that ratifies, formally approves or accedes to this convention after the deposit of the twenty of those instruments, on the thirtieth day from the date of depositing its instrument.

Article 46- Reservations

1. No reservation may be made that is incompatible with the object and purpose of this agreement.

2. Reservations may be withdrawn at any time.

Article 47- Amendments

1. Any State Party may propose an amendment to this Agreement and submit it to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Secretary-General informs the States Parties of any proposed amendments, requesting them to inform him of whether they favor the convening of a conference of States Parties to consider these proposals and decide on them. If at least one third of the States Parties favor the convening of the conference within four months of that notification, the Secretary-General convenes the conference under the auspices of the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall submit any amendment adopted by two-thirds of the States Parties present and voting at the conference to the General Assembly for approval and then to all States Parties for acceptance.

2. An amendment adopted and approved in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the number of instruments of acceptance deposited reaches two-thirds of the number of States Parties at the date of the amendment's adoption. Then the amendment shall enter into force for any state party on the thirtieth day after depositing its instrument of acceptance. The amendment shall only be binding on the States Parties that have accepted it.

3. The amendment adopted and approved in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article and relates exclusively to Articles 34, 38, 39 and 40 shall enter into force with respect to all States Parties on the thirtieth day after the number of instruments of acceptance deposited reaches two-thirds of the number of States Parties at the date of the amendment's adoption, if the Conference of States decides The parties do so by consensus.

Article 48 - denunciation of the agreement

Any State Party may denounce this Convention by writing to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Such denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which the Secretary-General received that notification.

Article 49- Accessible format for viewing

The text of this Agreement is made available in accessible formats.

Article 50- Authentic texts

The Spanish, English, Russian, Chinese, Arabic and French texts of this agreement shall be equally authentic.

In evidence of this, the undersigned have signed this agreement, duly authorized by their respective government.

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