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The phenomenon of terrorism in the Arab region ... 169 terrorist attacks during the first quarter of 2021

Introduction

Terrorism represents one of the most serious threats to international peace and security, and in the Arab region it is considered a major threat against civilians, given the indiscriminate intimidation and violence practiced by armed groups in this region to achieve political goals. Terrorism also occupies a space that cannot be dismissed from the attention and plans of Arab governments to They are different, due to the loss of lives of the military and civilians alike, the destruction of public and private facilities, and the threat to society of all its groups by spreading fear and terror in the souls of its members, and the Arab citizen finds himself between the guillotine of terrorism and violent extremism on the one hand, and the arbitrary governmental measures that are taken under the pretext Combating terrorism, which often involves a restriction of public rights and freedoms on the other hand.

The spread of the Corona epidemic has changed many dynamics of the political process at the local, regional and international levels. However, it is striking that the actors affiliated with terrorist currents, with their various ideologies, have shown remarkable capabilities to quickly adapt to these changes resulting from the crisis of the spread of the Coronavirus. Rather, some terrorist groups have tended to employ the virus as a tool to achieve their goals, such as the attempt by some terrorists in Tunisia to spread the virus among security men. These groups are moving, or rather, the pathways for those groups to employ the Coronavirus to serve their ends.

So an institution bent on Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights (Egypt) Since the beginning of this year to prepare a report Quarterly It deals with the terrorist phenomenon in the Arab region, especially in light of what the Foundation noticed about the return of terrorist groups to their extremist activity, an activity that began to escalate since the middle of last year and reached its climax in the first three months of this year, which left about 634 individuals dead. Their rich bodies, in addition to about 722 injured, most of them civilians. The repositioning of these groups in areas from which they withdrew before, especially in Syria and Iraq, is an indication and warning signs, that ISIS is in the process of regaining its ranks and is preparing to launch a wide range of terrorist operations in the coming months.

On this basis, Maat Foundation decided that issuing a quarterly report dealing with the terrorist phenomenon in the Arab region by monitoring and analyzing this phenomenon and the developments that occurred to it would contribute to explaining what this phenomenon is, in terms of the causes and repercussions on the countries that are vulnerable to these attacks .

Regarding the selection of the Arab region to be the subject of this report, this is due to the fact that the Arab region is more closely related to this phenomenon than in other regions. Although the Arab countries constitute only 5% of the world's population, they suffer more than 45% from terrorist attacks[1]. This is in addition to the presence of a number of Arab countries in a state of armed conflict between them and armed groups that have consistently undermined governance in these countries, and have been used to achieve the goals of external parties, as is the case in Yemen and in Syria and Somalia, and because the chaos created by these conflicts allows terrorism to operate without the presence. The ability of states to reduce or confront it in a way that restricts it or contributes to mitigating its effects and repercussions at all levels.

The scarcity of previous indicators and literature that sheds light on the terrorist phenomenon in the Arab region alone, was another motivation for Maat Foundation to start issuing this report, hoping that this effort would serve as a database and an essential reference for what is coming for all scholars, researchers and concerned civil society organizations. By studying this phenomenon and for decision makers in the Arab countries.

On this basis, Maat Foundation has launched this report as a quarterly report that deals with the terrorist phenomenon in the Arab region, through full monitoring of terrorist operations in the Arab region, and analyzing them in light of the statistics related to the terrorist phenomenon that Maat Foundation is investigating, and what happens to this phenomenon Of fundamental changes, in an attempt to dismantle the factors that contribute to the rise of these terrorist operations in an Arab country and their fading and extinction in another country, and finally the main challenges that constitute an obstacle against confronting terrorism in the Arab region in a way that makes this region enjoy stability at all levels and prevents further bloodshed. Civilians and military alike.

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