Achieving world peace is a humanitarian demand that has always been sought by humans since the existence of mankind. Despite the international and regional efforts exerted to meet such demand, these efforts have not yet realized their ambition. The ethnic, religious, and sectarian conflicts are still clearly evident by the conflicts and contradictions as well as the internal and external wars. Influenced by globalization, the information revolution has introduced a new age of communication, openness and negative and positive impacts on others. As a result, new values, ideas and cultures have been disseminated, some of which carry radical beliefs that incite violence, destruction and elimination of others. Accordingly, it is essential to follow the policies and procedures that entrench the culture of peace and renunciation of violence, extremism and chauvinism and promote trust, cooperation, love and tolerance among peoples. The culture of peace creates a new generation believing in the existence of others and their effective participation in building the international community based on the foundations and values of freedom, equality and justice.
As such, the elements of tolerance are one of the solutions that can reduce the manifestations of intolerance represented in violence, terrorism, xenophobia, racial, national, sectarian and religious conflicts, along with the exclusion, marginalization, elimination and discrimination against national, ethnic, and linguistic minorities, migrant and displaced workers, and vulnerable groups in societies. Such elements can also reduce acts of violence and intimidation against different views, which threaten both the national and international peace.
Racial discrimination and xenophobia have become two dangerous phenomena in most of the world’s countries, the European countries in particular that have recently witnessed a dangerous rise in the racist speech, especially with the rise of the extremist right wing. With the spread of some diseases and pandemics, The European countries have also recently witnessed a rise in xenophobia speech.
Therefore, Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights introduces this study to show the feasibility of the dissemination of the culture of peace and international solidarity in light of what most of the world’s countries, particularly the European ones, are facing regarding the spread of hate speech, and xenophobia against migrants and displaced persons, specifically the Syrian refugees. This study is done through several axes:
- The International framework on spreading the culture of peace.
- The culture of peace and hate speech.
- Hate speech against Syrian refugees.
- Conclusion and recommendations.